List of Terms – O

Use of the glossary is subgected to these terms

Online attendance reporting

Online attendance reporting enables reporting working time and attendance from anywhere using a web-based system. These systems are also known as ESS-Employee Self-Service / MSS – Manager Self-Service. They are based on authorization mechanism that defines the activities and views for different users.
Online attendance reporting systems allow remote reporting of working hours and start/end of task by an employee, submitting requests for absence and receiving approval / rejection from a supervisor, receiving attendance reports, and more.


Learn more about ESS/MSS



Organizational Chart

The organizational chart provides a visual expression of the organizational structure and displays the various organizational units, their hierarchy, and the connections between them.






Organizational Structure

Organizational structure is the hierarchical arrangement of lines of authority, communications, rights and duties of an organization. It determines how the roles and responsibilities are assigned, controlled, and coordinated, and how information flows between the different levels of management.
The structure depends on the organization’s objectives and strategy. In a centralized structure, the top layer of management has most of the decision making power and has tight control over departments and divisions. In a decentralized structure, the decision making power is distributed and the departments and divisions may have different degrees of independence.







Outsourcing refers to carrying out a portion of the activities of the company / organization by employees of a third-party provider and under its management. The company and the provider have a long-term contract, and payment is usually based on hours worked by the provider’s employees working in the service of the company.




Overtime hours are working hours that exceed the regular framework of a workday or work week. Deviation from this framework enables the employer to meet deadlines and cope with temporary overload of work. The employee is entitled to compensation for overtime, according to which the hourly wage for first two hours of overtime each day is at least 125% of the regular hourly wage. Working time beyond that is compensated with at least 150% of the regular hourly wage.